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Windows Domain controller

Author: Mohanad Aly

Cyber Security Engineering

Page Created: 8 February 2017

‎Last modified: 27 February 2017


This article introduces how to install and configure the Windows server domain controller.

What is Windows Domain controller

Windows Domain Controller

On Microsoft Servers, a domain controller (DC) is a server computer that responds to security authentication requests (logging in, checking permissions, etc.) within a Windows domain. A domain is a concept introduced in Windows NT whereby a user may be granted access to a number of computer resources with the use of a single username and password combination. [1]

What is Active Directory

Windows Active Directory

The following picture shows what is the active directory means or what it does.

  • Active directory has the manageability and security and interoperability.
  • Windows server has management profile, network information, printers, file shares and policy.
  • Windows users has account information, users privileges, profiles, and policy.
  • Windows clients has management profile, network information, and policy.
  • Windows network devices has configuration of quality service policy and security policy.
  • Firewall has the configuration, security policy and VPN policy.
  • Applications has the configuration of the server, single sign-on, application specific directory and the information policy.
  • Email servers has the mailbox information and address book.
  • Other NOS has the user registry, security and policy



Windows Server 2012 enhances the manageability of data centers through significant improvements in the standards-based infrastructure. It does this by delivering application programming interfaces (APIs) that are easier for developers and IT Pros to use. These APIs provide support for recent standards and add new kinds of Windows Power-Shell cmd lets that make it simpler and more cost-effective to connect to and manage multiple servers and devices in the data center. [2]

Preparing and configuring the Virtual Machine Manager before installing the Windows server 2012 R2

  • First user need to download the ISO file of the windows server 2012 R2 from the Microsoft official web site ISO link
  • After download the the ISO file, user need to import it in the Virtual manager
Start with new machine
Create new virtual machine
  • This how the user will import the ISO file in the Virtual manager
Import the ISO file
  • User need to select the memory for the machine it recommended to use more than 2GB for the machine it used 4GB which is 4096MB
Choosing the memory and the CPU for the machine
  • User after choosing the memory and the CPU which recommended for the Windows machine, user need to select the storage also the following figure show that how the user will chose the storage and it's better to make it more than 20G and it's up to the user
Choosing the storage for the machine
  • After the user selected the memory and the storage, user need to rename the machine
Choosing the name for the machine

Starting with setting up the Windows-Domain-Controller

  • Start to chose the preferred language for the user
choosing the preferred user language for the machine
  • User need to start the installation
Start with installing the Windows server 2012

  • User here need to select the Windows server R2 standard (server GUI which with graphic user interface) and this is recommended for the user
Selecting the Windows server R2 standard with GUI

  • User need to select the storage which he created the 50G to install the windows on it
Custom the storage

  • User will select the drive where is the storage 50G
Selecting the drive storage
  • After user configure everything the installation will begin
Begin installation
  • User need to insert a strong password with uppercase letters and lowercase and numbers to make it more strong (recommended !!)
User password

Video tutorial for Setting up Windows Server and Setup of the Domain controller

The following video tutorial is to make the life easy for people and how to install it correctly.

YouTube video tutorial for setup the Domain controller


See also