Difference between revisions of "Gnome"

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== Mutter ==
 
== Mutter ==
  
Mutter is the window manager for which GNOME Shell is a plugin in GNOME 3, replacing Metacity.[2] (The name "Mutter" is a contraction of "Metacity Clutter"[3] Mutter uses a graphics library called Clutter, and also supports OpenGL by Clutter.)
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Mutter is the window manager for which GNOME Shell is a plugin in GNOME 3, replacing Metacity. (The name "Mutter" is a contraction of "Metacity Clutter" Mutter uses a graphics library called Clutter, and also supports OpenGL by Clutter.)
The Mutter window manager can function as standalone window manager application for GNOME-like desktops, and serves as the primary window manager for the GNOME Shell desktop,[4] which is an integral part of GNOME 3. Mutter is extensible with plugins and supports numerous visual effects.
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The Mutter window manager can function as standalone window manager application for GNOME-like desktops, and serves as the primary window manager for the GNOME Shell desktop, which is an integral part of GNOME 3. Mutter is extensible with plugins and supports numerous visual effects.
  
 
= Gnome Shell =
 
= Gnome Shell =

Revision as of 16:04, 6 December 2012


Mis on Gnome?

Gnome on üks kahest tuntuimast graafilisest kasutajaliidesest (GUI) Linuxile(Teine hästi tuntud liides on KDE). Täpsemalt on tegu integreeritud tarkvaraga varustatud töölaua keskkonnaga, mis on mingilmääral Mac'i ja UNIX'i moodi. Seetõttu kasutavad Gnome paljud, kes on eelnevalt olnud Maci peal ja siis Linuxile üle läinud, sest see on neile tuttavam ja mugavam. Koos Gnome'ga tuleb kaasa omajagu aplikatsioone mida saab kasutada ka teistes keskkondades. See tähendab, et antud programmid kasutavad teatud library funktsioone, mis on antud töölaua keskkonna alustes olemas. Järelikult saab Gnome'i programme avade ka mõne muu Window Manageriga või Töölauaga(desktop). Gnome-based Linuxi distributsioone on peale Ubuntu veel mitmeid, näiteks Fedora, CentOS, Linux Mint, Mandriva.


Window Manager

Window manager(aknahaldaja) on süsteemi tarkvara mis kontrollib akende paigutust ja väljanägemist akende süsteemis graafilises kasutajaliideses. Enamus window manageritest on disainitud aitamaks tagada töölaua keskkonda. Nad töötavad koos aluseks oleva graafilise süsteemiga mis tagab vajaliku funktsionaalsustoe graafilisele riistvarale, juhtseadmetele ja klaviatuurile ning on tihti kirjutatud ja loodud kasutades widget toolkit'i.

Sawfish

Sawfish on pikendatav window manager mis kasutab Lisp'ipõhist skriptimiskeelt. Selle poliis on üsna minimaalne võrreldes paljude teiste window manageridega. Sawfishi eesmärk on hallata aknaid kõige paindlikumal ja atraktiivsemal viisil mis võimalik. Kõik kõrge tasemega window manager funktsioonid on realiseeritud Lispis laiendamiseks ja taasmääratlemiseks tulevikus.

  • Jõuline nupusiduvus - Sawfishi poolt tagatud igat virtuaalset funktsiooni on võimalik piiritleda klavi nuppudega.
  • Sündmuste vastuvõtmine - Paljude sündmuste jaoks (akende liigutamine jms.) on võimalik kustomiseerida kuidas Sawfish käitub.
  • Akende sobivus - Kui aknad on loodud, saab kasutaja neid kokku sobitada oma suva järgi ja automaatselt nende peal tegumeid sooritada.
  • Paindlik teema - Sawfish lubab luua paljusi erinevaid kujundusteemasi ja samas on saadaval variatsioon kolmanda-partei kujundusteemasi.

Metacity

Metacity, Gnome 2 Window Manager, kasutab GTK+ graafilist tööriistakomplekti. GTK+ ehk GIMP Toolkit on rist-platvorm tööriistapagas mille abil luuakse graafiline kasutajakeskkond. Metacity kasutab seda loomaks oma kasutajale kasutajaliidese komponendid, mis teevad selle teemapäraseks ja sulandab selle kokku koos teiste GTK+ aplikatsioonidega. Metacity märksõnadeks on lihtsus ja kasutatavus mitte uudsus nagu Gnome 3 Mutteri puhul.

  • Session management - Metacity connects to the session manager and will set itself up to

be respawned. It theoretically restores sizes/positions/workspace for session-aware applications.

  • Metacity implements much of the EWMH window manager specification

from freedesktop.org, as well as the older ICCCM. Please refer to the COMPLIANCE file for information on metacity compliance with these standards.

  • Uses Pango to render text, so has cool i18n capabilities.

Supports UTF-8 window titles and such.

  • There are simple animations for actions such as minimization,

to help users see what is happening. Should probably have a few more of these and make them nicer.

  • if you have the proper X setup, set the GDK_USE_XFT=1

environment variable to get antialiased window titles.

  • considers the panel when placing windows and maximizing

them.

  • handles the window manager selection from the ICCCM. Will exit if

another WM claims it, and can claim it from another WM if you pass the --replace argument. So if you're running another ICCCM-compliant WM, you can run "metacity --replace" to replace it with Metacity.

  • does basic colormap handling

art.gnome.org.

Mutter

Mutter is the window manager for which GNOME Shell is a plugin in GNOME 3, replacing Metacity. (The name "Mutter" is a contraction of "Metacity Clutter" Mutter uses a graphics library called Clutter, and also supports OpenGL by Clutter.) The Mutter window manager can function as standalone window manager application for GNOME-like desktops, and serves as the primary window manager for the GNOME Shell desktop, which is an integral part of GNOME 3. Mutter is extensible with plugins and supports numerous visual effects.

Gnome Shell

GNOME Shell is the core user interface of the GNOME desktop environment starting with version 3, which was released on April 6, 2011. It provides basic functionality like switching between windows and launching applications. It replaces GNOME Panel and other software components from GNOME 2 to offer a user experience that breaks from the previous model of desktop metaphor, used in earlier versions of GNOME. GNOME Shell uses Mutter, a compositing window manager based on the Metacity window manager, and the Clutter toolkit to provide visual effects and hardware acceleration. According to GNOME Shell maintainer Owen Taylor, it is set up as a Mutter plugin largely written in JavaScript.

Shelli tunnused

Gnome distributsioonidel

Kasutatud kirjandus

1) http://www.brighthub.com/computing/linux/articles/46636.aspx

2) http://www.brighthub.com/computing/linux/articles/75743.aspx#

3) http://linuxreviews.org/software/desktops/

4) http://git.gnome.org/browse/metacity/plain/README

5) http://sawfish.wikia.com/wiki/Main_Page

6) https://live.gnome.org/GnomeShell/Extensions

7) http://www.dedoimedo.com/computers/gnome-3-fallback.html