Keyboard shortcuts

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Mouse is holding you back, to be the best you really need to know your way around on the keyboard. This page is off to rescue. If you know some useful keyboard shortcuts please add them here by logging in with your school user account and clicking edit on the top.

If running Ubuntu, press Ctrl-Alt-F1 to open up text-only console and then Ctrl-Alt-Delete for graceful reboot.

If the up button does not work (because of keyboard firmware issue :D) then use the up button on numpad. Use NumLock to switch between number entry and arrow button modes.

Some other keyboard shortcut notations, especially in the Help section of older terminal programs:

  • Super is a vendor-neutral way to refer to Windows button on PC or Command key ⌘ on Mac
  • M-r means Alt-R, because M refers to Meta key which is also known as Alt key
  • Meta-R means Alt-R
  • ^X means Ctrl-X

Windows/Ubuntu:

  • Alt-Tab - Switch between windows
  • Alt-Space - Opens window's menu, to move, resize, minimize, maximize the window
  • Alt-F4, for dialog windows also Escape - Close window
  • Alt-F, Atl-E, ... - Open the main menu of current window

Mac OS X:

  • ⌘-Tab - Switch between windows
  • ⌘-C - Copy
  • ⌘-V - Paste

File browser:

  • F2 - Rename file
  • Ctrl-Arrow buttons and Space - Select individual files
  • Shift-Arrow buttons - Select bunch of files
  • Ctrl-A - Select all files
  • Ctrl-C - Copy file
  • Ctrl-V - Paste file
  • Ctrl-X - Cut file
  • Alt-Up or Backspace - Go up in directory tree
  • Alt-Left, Alt-Right - Navigate back and forth
  • Alt-Enter - Open file properties
  • Enter - Enter directory, open file


Windows:

  • Super-PrintScrn - Take a screenshot of the desktop and place it under Pictures/Screenshots
  • Ctrl-Alt-Arrow buttons - Rotate screen
  • Super-Left - Resize window to leftmost half of screen
  • Super-Right - Resize window to rightmost half of screen
  • Super-Up - Maximize window
  • Super-R - Run command
  • Super-D - Show desktop
  • Super-L - Lock screen (?)

Ubuntu:

  • Ctrl-Super-Left - Resize window to leftmost half of screen
  • Ctrl-Super-Right - Resize window to rightmost half of screen
  • Ctrl-Super-Up - Maximize window
  • Ctrl-Super-Up - Minimize
  • Ctrl-Alt-T - Open terminal
  • Ctrl-Alt-L - Lock screen
  • Alt-F2

Firefox/Chrome:

  • Ctrl-U - View page source
  • Ctrl-F - Find in page
  • Alt-Left, Backspace - Navigate back in history
  • Alt-Right, Shift-Backspace - Navigate forward in history
  • Ctrl-R - Refresh
  • Ctrl-N - Open window
  • Ctrl-T - Open tab
  • Ctrl-Shift-N - Open new incognito window
  • Ctrl-W - Close tab
  • Ctrl-L - Open address bar
  • Ctrl-K - Search
  • Ctrl-H - History
  • Ctrl-Tab - Switch between tabs
  • Tab - Focus next clickable element in the web page
  • Shift-Tab - Focus previous element
  • Enter - Click on an element
  • Ctrl-Shift-J - Open developer console
  • Ctrl-Shift-T - Reopen closed tabs
  • Ctrl-D - Bookmark
  • Ctrl-Plus, Ctrl-Minus, Ctrl-0 - Zoom in, zoom out, reset zoom factor
  • Ctrl-1, Ctrl-2, ..., Ctrl-9 - Select tab in Chrome
  • Alt-1, Alt-2, ..., Alt-9 - Select tab in Firefox

Text editors/IDE-s:

  • Ctrl-A - Select all text
  • Ctrl-S - Save
  • Ctrl-O - Open file
  • Ctrl-F - Find in file
  • Ctrl-H - Search & replace (?)
  • Ctrl-Arrows - Jump back and forth by words
  • Shift-Arrows - Select text
  • Tab - Indent
  • Shift-Tab - Unindent
  • Page Up/Page Down - Scroll up and down by page
  • Home/End - Go to the beginning/end of line
  • Alt-1, Alt-2, ..., Alt-9 - Select tab
  • Ctrl-Page Up, Ctrl-Page Down - Switch between tabs

Terminal:

  • Up/Down - Navigate through command history
  • Shift-Alt-Up/Down - Scroll up down in terminal output
  • Ctrl-R - Search command history
  • Ctrl-C - Kill currently running command
  • Ctrl-Shift-C - Copy text from terminal
  • Ctrl-Shift-V - Past text to terminal
  • Ctrl-Z - Background and suspend a command, if accidentally pressed run fg to resume
  • Ctrl-D - End of input, on blank command line equivalent with exit
  • Ctrl-L - Clear screen, equivalent with clear
  • Ctrl-Plus, Ctrl-Minus, Ctrl-0 - Zoom in, zoom out, reset zoom factor

Command line Norton Commander style file browser, run mc in terminal or to install on a personal machine apt install mc:

  • Tab - Switch between panels
  • F4 - Edit file --> here select mcedit, it's a neat text editor
  • F5 - Copy file
  • F6 - Move/rename file
  • F7 - Create directory
  • F8 - Delete file/folder
  • F9 - Open main menu
  • F10 - Exit
  • Alt-S - Search for files, unfortunately Ubuntu dashboard eats this keyboard shortcut

Command line web browser links, open with links wiki.itcollge.ee or to install on a personal machine apt install links

  • Up/down arrow buttons - Navigate between links
  • Left/right - Go back/forward in history, click on link
  • Enter - To click
  • F10 - Open main menu
  • q - Quit browser
  • g - Go to another URL